Endnotes for It All Began in a Garden

How to Use This Book

1 Stewart, David. Healing Oils of the Bible (Marble Hill, MO: The Center for Aromatherapy Research & Education, 2015), 16.
2 Life Science Publishing, Essential Oils Desk Reference, Seventh Edition (Lehi, UT: Life Science Publishing, 2016), 17.

1. Basil

1 Li, Hailong, et al. “Evaluation of the Chemical Composition, Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Distillate and Residue Fractions of Sweet Basil Essential Oil.” Journal of Food Science and Technology, Springer India, June 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28720944.

2 Opalchenova, G., and D. Obreshkova. “Comparative Studies on the Activity of Basil—an Essential Oil from Ocimum Basilicum L.—against Multidrug Resistant Clinical Isolates of the Genera Staphylococcus, Enterococcus and Pseudomonas by Using Different Test Methods.” Journal of Microbiological Methods, U.S. National Library of Medicine, July 2003, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12732427.

3 Satoh, Tomoko, and Yoshiaki Sugawara. “Effects on Humans Elicited by Inhaling the Fragrance of Essential Oils: Sensory Test, Multi-Channel Thermometric Study and Forehead Surface Potential Wave Measurement on Basil and Peppermint.” Analytical Sciences: The International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry, U.S. National Library of Medicine, January 2003, www.ncbi .nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12558038.

4 Matiz, G., et al. “Effectiveness of Antimicrobial Formulations for Acne Based on Orange (Citrus Sinensis) and Sweet Basil (Ocimum Basilicum L) Essential Oils.” Biomedica: Revista Del Instituto Nacional De Salud, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2012, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23235794.

5 Gordon, Jerisha Parker. “Essential Oils for Menopause Relief: Does It Work?”Healthline, Healthline Media, 14 November 2018, www.healthline.com/health/menopause/essential-oils-for-menopause.

2. Bergamot

1 Han, Xuesheng, et al. “Bergamot (Citrus Bergamia) Essential Oil Inhalation Improves Positive Feelings in the Waiting Room of a Mental Health Treatment Center: A Pilot Study.” Phytotherapy Research: PTR, John Wiley and Sons Inc., May 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5434918/.
2 Levy, Jillian. “Stressed? Fatigued? Gaining Weight? You Might Have This Condition.” Dr. Axe, 14 June 2018, draxe.com/cortisol-levels/.

3. Black Spruce

1 Poaty, Bouddah, et al. “Composition, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Seven Essential Oils from the North American Boreal Forest.” World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, U.S. National Library of Medicine, June 2015, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25801172.
2 Stewart, David. Healing Oils of the Bible (Marble Hill, MO: The Center for Aromatherapy Research & Education, 2015), 26-27.
3 Levy, Jillian. “What Is the Limbic System? (Plus How to Keep It Healthy & the Role of Essential Oils).” Dr. Axe, 27 September 2016, draxe.com/health/brain-health/limbic-system/.

4. Blue Spruce

1 Berardi, John, and Tom Nikkola. “What Do the Data Really Say about Essential Oils?” Precision Nutrition, 13 April 2018, www.precisionnutrition.com/what-do-the-data-really-say-about-essential-oils.
2 Foust, Michael. “Boudia and Johnson Proclaim Christ on National TV after Winning Olympic Silver.” Christian Examiner Newspaper, Christian News, Christian Commentary, Church Events, Christian Examiner, 8 August 2016, www.christianexaminer.com/article/boudia-and-johnson-proclaim-christ- on-national-tv-after-winning-silver/50949.htm.

5. Cedarwood

1 Hartfield, Will. “The Truth About Using Cedar Wood Oil For Hair Loss.” Hair Loss Revolution, 10 June 2019, www.hairlossrevolution.com/benefits-of-cedar-wood-oil-for-hair-growth/.
2 Tobik, Amy K.D. “Best Essential Oils for Autism and ADHD—The Ultimate Guide.” Autism Parenting Magazine, www.autismparentingmagazine.com/essential-oils-for-autism-adhd-add/.

6. Cinnamon Bark

1 Urbaniak, A., et al. “The Antibacterial Activity of Cinnamon Oil on the Selected Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria.” Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports., U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25369660.
2 Johnson, Jon. “Essential Oils for Diabetes: Options and Aromatherapy.” Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 28 March 2019, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/317017.php.

7. Citronella

1 De Toledo, Luciani Gaspar, et al. “Essential Oil of Cymbopogon Nardus (L.) Rendle: A Strategy to Combat Fungal Infections Caused by Candida Species.” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 9 August 2016, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27517903.
2 Barhum, Lana. “Armpit Detox: Benefits and How to Do It.” Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 22 February 2018, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319624.php.
3 Heid, Markham. “5 Things Wrong With Your Deodorant.” Time, Time, 5 July 2016, time.com/4394051/ deodorant-antiperspirant-toxic/.

8. Clary Sage

1 Deardeuff, LeAnne and David. Taming the Dragon Within: How to Balance Women’s Hormones with Essential Oils (Lehi, UT: Life Science Publishing, 2014), 40.
2 Deardeuff and Dearduff, Taming the Dragon Within, 30-33.
3 Lee, Kyung-Bok, et al. “Changes in 5-Hydroxytryptamine and Cortisol Plasma Levels in Menopausal Women After Inhalation of Clary Sage Oil.” Phytotherapy Research: PTR, U.S. National Library of Medicine, November 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24802524.

9. Clove

“Eugenol.” National Center for Biotechnology Information, PubChem Compound Database, U.S. National Library of Medicine, pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Eugenol.
2 Cai, L., and C.D. Wu. “Compounds from Syzygium Aromaticum Possessing Growth Inhibitory Activity against Oral Pathogens.” Journal of Natural Products, U.S. National Library of Medicine, October 1996, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8904847.
3 Link, Rachael. “8 Surprising Health Benefits of Cloves.” Healthline, Healthline Media, 26 August 2017, www.healthline.com/nutrition/benefits-of-cloves.
4 Carlsen, Monica H, et al. “The Total Antioxidant Content of More than 3100 Foods, Beverages, Spices, Herbs and Supplements Used Worldwide.” Nutrition Journal, BioMed Central, 22 January 2010, www .ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2841576/.
5 Stewart, David. Healing Oils of the Bible (Marble Hill, MO: The Center for Aromatherapy Research & Education, 2015), 17-18.

10. Copaiba

1 Almeida, Mara Ribeiro, et al. “Genotoxicity Assessment of Copaiba Oil and Its Fractions in Swiss Mice.” Genetics and Molecular Biology, Sociedade Brasileira De Genética, 2012, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ articles/PMC3459418/.
2 Guimarães, Anna Luísa Aguijar, et al. “Antimicrobial Activity of Copaiba (Copaifera Officinalis) and Pracaxi (Pentaclethra Macroloba) Oils against Staphylococcus Aureus: Importance in Compounding for Wound Care.” International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2016, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27125055.
3 Gomes da Silva, Ary, et al. “Application of the Essential Oil from Copaiba (Copaifera Langsdori Desf.) for Acne Vulgaris: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.” Alternative Medicine Review: A Journal of Clinical Therapeutic, U.S. National Library of Medicine, March 2012, www.ncbi.nlm.nih .gov/pubmed/22502624.
4 Souza, Ariana B., et al. “Antimicrobial Evaluation of Diterpenes from Copaifera Langsdorffii Oleoresin Against Periodontal Anaerobic Bacteria.” Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), MDPI, 18 November 2011, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6264602/.

11. Cypress

1 Boukhris, Maher, et al. Chemical Composition and Biological Potential of Essential Oil from Tunisian Cupressus Sempervirens, L. 2012, nodaiweb.university.jp/desert/pdf/JALS-P74_329-332.pdf.
2 Ahmed Ali, Sanaa, et al. “Protective Role of Juniperus Phoenicea and Cupressus Sempervirens Against CCl(4).” World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited, 6 December 2010, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21577307.
3 Ferguson, Sian. “All About Cypress Oil: Science, Benefits, Risks & How to Use It.” Healthline, Healthline Media, 17 April 2019, www.healthline.com/health/cypress-oil.
4 Butnariu, Monica, and Ioan Sarac. “Essential Oils From Plants.” Journal of Biotechnology and Biomedical Science, Open Access Pub, 21 December 2018, openaccesspub.org/jbbs/article/940.
5 O’Sullivan, Jen. The Essential Oil Truth: The Facts Without the Hype (Jen O’Sullivan/31 Oils, LLC, 2018) 15.

12. Davana

“Scent of Danger: Are There Toxic Ingredients in Perfumes and Colognes?” Scientific American, 29 September 2012, www.scientificamerican.com/article/toxic-perfumes-and-colognes/.
2 Sifferlin, Alexandra. “Phthalates Linked to Lower Thyroid Function in Girls: Study.” Time, Time, 31 May 2017, time.com/4799330/household-chemicals-phthalates-thyroid-girls/.
3 “Should People Be Concerned about Parabens in Beauty Products?” Scientific American, 6 October 2014, www.scientificamerican.com/article/should-people-be-concerned-about-parabens-in-beauty- products/.
4 “5 Things to Know About Triclosan.” U.S. Food and Drug Administration, FDA, www.fda.gov/consumers/ consumer-updates/5-things-know-about-triclosan.
“Talcum Powder and Cancer.” American Cancer Society, www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/talcum-powder-and-cancer.html.

13. Elemi

1 Mogana, R., and C. Wiart. “Canarium L.: A Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review.” Journal of Pharmacy Research, June 2011, jprsolutions.info/files/final-file-57a09ac95944b3.23842686.pdf.

14. Eucalyptus

1 Pletcher, Peggy. “9 Amazing Eucalyptus Oil Benefits You Need to Know.” Healthline, Healthline Media, 25 July 2017, www.healthline.com/health/9-ways-eucalyptus-oil-can-help.
2 Saporito, F., et al. “Essential Oil-Loaded Lipid Nanoparticles for Wound Healing.” International Journal of Nanomedicine, 2018, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29343956.

15. Fennel

1 Alexandrovich, Irina, et al. “The Effect of Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare) Seed Oil Emulsion in Infantile Colic: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study.” Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2003, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12868253.
2 Liu, Qing, et al. “Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of Spices.” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 16 June 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5486105/.
3 Group, Edward. “The Weight Loss Benefits of Fennel Seed Essential Oil.” Dr. Group’s Healthy Living Articles, 14 October 2015, www.globalhealingcenter.com/natural-health/weight-loss-benefits- fennel-seed-essential-oil/.
4 Harvard Health Publishing. “Can Gut Bacteria Improve Your Health?” Harvard Health, October 2016, www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/can-gut-bacteria-improve-your-health.

17. Geranium

1 Orchard, Ané, and Sandy van Vuuren. “Commercial Essential Oils as Potential Antimicrobials to Treat Skin Diseases.” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM, Hindawi, 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5435909/.
2 Shinohara, Kazuyuki, et al. “Effects of Essential Oil Exposure on Salivary Estrogen Concentration in Perimenopausal Women.” Neuro Endocrinology Letters, U.S. National Library of Medicine, January 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28326753.
3 Lotfipur Rafsanjani, Seyede Maryam, et al. “Comparison of the Efficacy of Massage and Aromatherapy Massage with Geranium on Depression in Postmenopausal Women: A Clinical Trial.”
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. April 2015, https://pdfs.semanticscholar .org/7d67/420308e57a936c7cfd64a44f022f8152f82b.pdf.

18. Ginger

1 Lua, Pei Lin, et al. “Effects of Inhaled Ginger Aromatherapy on Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting and Health-Related Quality of Life in Women with Breast Cancer.” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, U.S. National Library of Medicine, June 2015, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26051575.
2 Townsend, Elizabeth A, et al. “Effects of Ginger and Its Constituents on Airway Smooth Muscle Relaxation and Calcium Regulation.” American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, American Thoracic Society, February 2013, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3604064/.
3 Sritoomma, Netchanok, et al. “The Effectiveness of Swedish Massage with Aromatic Ginger Oil in Treating Chronic Low Back Pain in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial.” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, U.S. National Library of Medicine, February 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24559813.
4 Mashhadi, Nafiseh Shokri, et al. “Anti-Oxidative and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Ginger in Health and Physical Activity: Review of Current Evidence.” International Journal of Preventive Medicine, Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd, April 2013, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3665023/.

19. Grapefruit

1 “The 5 Best Essential Oils for Weight Loss.” U.S. News & World Report, U.S. News & World Report, 2 May 2017, health.usnews.com/health-news/blogs/eat-run/articles/2017-05-02/ the-5-best-essential-oils-for-weight-loss.
2 Uysal, Burcu, et al. “Essential Oil Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Grapefruit (Citrus Paradisi. L) Peel Essential Oils Obtained by Solvent-Free Microwave Extraction: Comparison with Hydrodistillation.” International Journal of Food Science & Technology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (10.1111), 27 April 2011, onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2011.02640.x.
3 Niijima, Akira, and Katsuya Nagai. “Effect of Olfactory Stimulation with Flavor of Grapefruit Oil and Lemon Oil on the Activity of Sympathetic Branch in the White Adipose Tissue of the Epididymis.” Experimental Biology and Medicine (Maywood, N.J.), U.S. National Library of Medicine, November 2003, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14610259.
4 O’Sullivan, Jen. The Essential Oil Truth: The Facts Without the Hype (Jen O’Sullivan/31 Oils, LLC, 2018), 28. 5 Stiles,K.G. The Essential Oils Complete Reference Guide: Over 250 Recipes for Natural Wholesome
Aromatherapy (Salem, MA: Page Street Publishing Co., 2017), 222.

20. Helichrysum

1 Orchard, Ané, and Sandy van Vuuren. “Commercial Essential Oils as Potential Antimicrobials to Treat Skin Diseases.” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM, Hindawi, 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5435909/.
2 Lorenzi, Vannina, et al. “Geraniol Restores Antibiotic Activities against Multidrug-Resistant Isolates from Gram-Negative Species.” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, American Society for Microbiology Journals, 1 May 2009, aac.asm.org/content/53/5/2209.long.
3 Lourens, A.C.U., et al. “In Vitro Biological Activity and Essential Oil Composition of Four Indigenous South African Helichrysum Species.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, U.S. National Library of Medicine, December 2004, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15507345.
4 “16 of the Absolute Best Essential Oils for Headaches.” Pain Doctor, 1 June 2017, paindoctor.com/essential-oils-for-headaches/.

21. Hyssop

1 Fathiazad, Fatemeh, et al. “Phytochemical Analysis and Antioxidant Activity of Hyssopus Officinalis L. from Iran.” Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, 2011, www.ncbi .nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24312758.
2 Stankovi?, Nemanja, et al. “Comparative Study of Composition, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Activities of Essential Oils of Selected Aromatic Plants from Balkan Peninsula.” Planta Medica, U.S. National Library of Medicine, May 2016, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26891001.
3 Stewart, David. Healing Oils of the Bible (Marble Hill, MO: The Center for Aromatherapy Research & Education, 2015), 292-293.

22. Jasmine

1 Hongratanaworakit, Tapanee. “Stimulating Effect of Aromatherapy Massage with Jasmine Oil.” Natural Product Communications, U.S. National Library of Medicine, January 2010, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/20184043.
2 “Smell of Jasmine ‘as Calming as Valium’.” The Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group, 10 July 2010, www .telegraph.co.uk/news/science/7881819/Smell-of-jasmine-as-calming-as-valium.html.
3 Orchard, Ané, and Sandy van Vuuren. “Commercial Essential Oils as Potential Antimicrobials to Treat Skin Diseases.” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM, Hindawi, 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5435909/.

23. Juniper

“Juniper.” Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, Encyclopedia.com, 2019, www.encyclopedia.com/ plants-and-animals/plants/plants/juniper.
2 Keville, Kathy. “Aromatherapy: Juniper Berry.” HowStuffWorks, HowStuffWorks, 30 April 2007, health .howstuffworks.com/wellness/natural-medicine/aromatherapy/aromatherapy-juniper-berry.htm.
3 Shenefelt, Philip D. “Herbal Treatment for Dermatologic Disorders.” Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd Edition., U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1 January 1970, www.ncbi.nlm.nih .gov/books/NBK92761/.
4 White, Adrian. “Essential Oil for Burns: Lavender, Peppermint, Best, and More.” Healthline, Healthline Media, 1 November 2018, www.healthline.com/health/essential-oil-for-burns#best-essential-oils. 5 Cronkleton, Emily. “Try 18 Essential Oils for Sore Muscles.” Healthline, Healthline Media, 15 May 2019, www.healthline.com/health/fitness-exercise/essential-oils-for-sore-muscles.
6 Purdie, Jennifer. “Can You Use Essential Oils for Weight Loss?” Healthline, Healthline Media, 27 July 2017, www.healthline.com/health/diet-and-weight-loss/essential-oils-for-weight-loss.
7 “Juniper.” Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, Encyclopedia.com, 2019, www.encyclopedia.com/
plants-and-animals/plants/plants/juniper.

24. Lavender

1 Phung, Alice Chi. “René-Maurice Gattefossé Archives.” D-Brief, 10 February 2015, blogs .discovermagazine.com/scienceandfood/2015/02/10/lavender/.
2 Kianpour, M., et al. “Effect of Lavender Scent Inhalation on Prevention of Stress, Anxiety and Depression in the Postpartum Period.” Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res, 2016, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/ PMC4815377/.

25. Lemon

1 Komiya, Migiwa, et al. “Lemon Oil Vapor Causes an Anti-Stress Effect via Modulating the 5-HT and DA Activities in Mice.” Behavioural Brain Research, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 25 September 2006, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16780969.

26. Lemongrass

1 Boukhatem, Mohamed Nadjib, et al. “Lemon Grass (Cymbopogon Citratus) Essential Oil as a Potent Anti-Inflammatory and Antifungal Drugs.” The Libyan Journal of Medicine, Co-Action Publishing, 19 September 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4170112/.
2 Agbafor, K.N., & Akubugwo, E.I. “Hypocholesterolaemic Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Fresh Leaves of Cymbopogon Citratus (Lemongrass).” African Journal of Biotechnology, Academic Journals, 5 March 2007, academicjournals.org/journal/AJB/article-abstract/6AE822C6504.
3 Zouhir, Abdelmajid, et al. “Inhibition of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) by Antimicrobial Peptides (AMPs) and Plant Essential Oils.” Pharmaceutical Biology, U.S. National Library of Medicine, December 2016, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27246787.
4 O’Sullivan, Jen. Vitality: The Young Living Lifestyle (Scotts Valley, CA: CreateSpace, 2018), 52.

27. Lime

1 Preedy, Victor R., ed., Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety (Cambridge, MA: Academic Press, 2016), 531-537.
2 Amorim, Jorge Luis, et al. “Anti-Inflammatory Properties and Chemical Characterization of the Essential Oils of Four Citrus Species.” PloS One, Public Library of Science, 18 Apr. 2016, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/27088973.

28. Manuka

1 Orchard, A., et al. “The in Vitro Antimicrobial Evaluation of Commercially Essential Oils and Their Combinations against Acne.” International Journal of Cosmetic Science, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 24 March 2018, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29574906.
2 Turchi, Barbara, et al. “Sub-Inhibitory Stress with Essential Oil Affects Enterotoxins Production and Essential Oil Susceptibility in Staphylococcus Aureus.” Natural Product Research, U.S. National Library of Medicine, March 2018, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28595460.
3 Chen, Chien-Chia, et al. “Investigations of Kanuka and Manuka Essential Oils for in Vitro Treatment of Disease and Cellular Inflammation Caused by Infectious Microorganisms.” Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection, Elsevier, 28 February 2014, www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/ S1684118213002466.
4 Krader, Kate. “A Cult New Zealand Honey Is Causing Legal Problems in the U.S.” Bloomberg .com, Bloomberg, 26 August 2018, www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-08-26/ the-new-zealand-honey-that-s-causing-legal-problems-in-the-u-s.

29. Myrrh

1 Stewart, David. Healing Oils of the Bible (Marble Hill, MO: The Center for Aromatherapy Research & Education, 2007), 139.
2 Freeman, Jennifer. “RA Essential Oils: What Essential Oils Are Anti-Inflammatory?” RheumatoidArthritis.org, 27 October 2018, www.rheumatoidarthritis.org/living-with-ra/diet/ essential-oils/.
3 Gadir, Suad A., and Ibtisam M. Ahmed. “Commiphora Myrrha and Commiphora Africana Essential Oils.” Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2014, www.jocpr.com/articles/commiphora- myrrha-and-commiphora-africana-essential-oils.pdf.
4 Haffor, Al-Said A. “Effect of Commiphora Molmol on Leukocytes Proliferation in Relation to Histological Alterations before and during Healing from Injury.” Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, U.S. National Library of Medicine, April 2010, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23961070.
5 Feng, Jie, et al. “Identification of Essential Oils with Strong Activity against Stationary Phase Borrelia Burgdorferi.” Antibiotics (Basel, Switzerland), MDPI, 16 October 2018, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/30332754.

30. Myrtle

1 Alipour, Ghazal, et al. “Review of Pharmacological Effects of Myrtus Communis L. and Its Active Constituents.” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 28, no. 8, 2014, pp. 1125-1136., doi:10.1002/ptr.5122.
2 Stewart, David. The Chemistry of Essential Oils Made Simple ( Marble Hill, MO: Care Publications, 2013), 60.

31. Nutmeg

1 Abourashed, Ehab A., and Abir T El-Alfy. “Chemical Diversity and Pharmacological Significance of the Secondary Metabolites of Nutmeg (Myristica Fragrans Houtt.).” Phytochemistry Reviews: Proceedings of the Phytochemical Society of Europe, U.S. National Library of Medicine, December 2016, www.ncbi .nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5222521/.
2 Zhang, Chuan-Rui, et al. “Antioxidant and Antiinflammatory Compounds in Nutmeg (Myristicafragrans) Pericarp as Determined by in Vitro Assays.” Natural Product Communications, U.S. National Library of Medicine, August 2015, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26434127.
3 Shafiei, Zaleha, et al. “Antibacterial Activity of Myristica Fragrans against Oral Pathogens.” Evidence- Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM, Hindawi, 2012, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ articles/PMC3434417/.
4 Kubala, Jillian. “8 Science-Backed Benefits of Nutmeg.” Healthline, Healthline Media, 12 June 2019, www .healthline.com/nutrition/nutmeg-benefits.
5 Naidoo, Uma. “Spice up Your Holidays with Brain-Healthy Seasonings.” Harvard Health Blog, 22 November 2016, www.health.harvard.edu/blog/spice-up-your-holidays-with-brain-healthy-seasonings- 2016120710734.

33. Oregano

1 Béjaoui, Afef, et al. “Essential Oil Composition and Antibacterial Activity of Origanum Vulgare Subsp. Glandulosum Desf. at Different Phenological Stages.” Journal of Medicinal Food, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., December 2013, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3868303/.
2 De Castro, Ricardo Dias, et al. “Antifungal Activity and Mode of Action of Thymol and Its Synergism with Nystatin Against Candida Species Involved with Infections in the Oral Cavity: An in Vitro Study.” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, BioMed Central, 24 November 2015, bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12906-015-0947-2.
3 Nordqvist, Joseph. “Oregano: Health Benefits, Uses, and Side Effects.” Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 11 December 2017, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/266259.php.

34. Palmarosa

1 Janbaz, K.H., et al. “Bronchodilator, Vasodilator and Spasmolytic Activities of Cymbopogon Martinii.” Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society, U.S. National Library of Medicine, December 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25554990.
2 Pérez-Rosés, Renato, et al. “Biological and Nonbiological Antioxidant Activity of Some Essential Oils.” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 15 June 2016, www .ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27214068.
3 Andrade, Murbach Teles, et al. “Cymbopogon Martinii Essential Oil and Geraniol at Noncytotoxic Concentrations Exerted Immunomodulatory/Anti-Inflammatory Effects in Human Monocytes.” The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, U.S. National Library of Medicine, October 2014, www.ncbi .nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24934659.
4 Gemeda, Negero, et al. “Development, Characterization, and Evaluation of Novel Broad-Spectrum Antimicrobial Topical Formulations from Cymbopogon Martini (Roxb.) W. Watson Essential Oil.” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM, Hindawi, 10 September 2018, www .ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30275867.
5 Stewart, David. Healing Oils of the Bible (Marble Hill, MO: The Center for Aromatherapy Research & Education, 2015), 27-28.
6 Ansari, M.A., and R.K. Razdan. “Relative Efficacy of Various Oils in Repelling Mosquitoes.” Indian Journal of Malariology, U.S. National Library of Medicine, September 1995, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/8936292.
7 O’Sullivan, Jen. The Essential Oil Truth: The Facts Without the Hype (Jen O’Sullivan/31 Oils, LLC, 2018), 21.

36. Peppermint

1 Meamarbashi, Abbas, and Ali Rajabi. “The Effects of Peppermint on Exercise Performance.” Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, BioMed Central, 21 March 2013, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ articles/PMC3607906/.
2 Moss, Mark, et al. “Modulation of Cognitive Performance and Mood by Aromas of Peppermint and Ylang- Ylang.” Intern. J. Neuroscience, 2008, www.dr-hatfield.com/educ538/docs/moss+2008.pdf.

37. Pine

1 Zeng, Wei-Cai, et al. “Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Activities of Essential Oil from Pine Needle (Cedrus Deodara).” Journal of Food Science, U.S. National Library of Medicine, July 2012, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22757704.
2 Mühlbauer, R.C., et al. “Common Herbs, Essential Oils, and Monoterpenes Potently Modulate Bone Metabolism.” Bone, U.S. National Library of Medicine, April 2003, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/12689680.
“Cleaning Supplies and Household Chemicals.” American Lung Association, www.lung.org/our-initiatives/ healthy-air/indoor/indoor-air-pollutants/cleaning-supplies-household-chem.html.
4 Steinemann, A.C., et al., “Fragranced Consumer Products: Chemicals Emitted, Ingredients Unlisted.” Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 2010, journalistsresource.org/wp-content/ uploads/2011/10/Steinemann-et-al.-2010.pdf.

38. Roman Chamomile

1 Sándor, Zsolt, et al. “Evidence Supports Tradition: The in Vitro Effects of Roman Chamomile on Smooth Muscles.” Frontiers in Pharmacology, Frontiers Media S.A., 6 April 2018, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/29681854.
2 Patzelt-Wenczler, R., and E. Ponce-Pöschl. “Proof of Efficacy of Kamillosan(R) Cream in Atopic Eczema.” European Journal of Medical Research, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 19 April 2000, www.ncbi .nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10799352.
3 Piccaglia, Roberta, et al. “Antibacterial and Antioxidant Properties of Mediterranean Aromatic Plants.” Industrial Crops and Products, Elsevier, 23 September 2003, www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/ abs/pii/0926669093900107.
4 Saderi, Horieh, et al. “Antimicrobial Effects of Chamomile Extract and Essential Oil on Clinically Isolated Porphyromonas gingivalis from Periodontitis.” Acta Hort, 2004, volume 6, https://www.actahort.org/ books/680/680_21.htm.
5 Zhao, Jianping, et al. “Octulosonic Acid Derivatives from Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum Nobile) with Activities against Inflammation and Metabolic Disorder.” Journal of Natural Products, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 28 March 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24471493.
“Roman Chamomile: Uses, Side Effects, Dosage, Interactions & Health Benefits.” EMedicineHealth, www .emedicinehealth.com/roman_chamomile/vitamins-supplements.htm.
7 Wilkinson, S., et al. “An Evaluation of Aromatherapy Massage in Palliative Care.” Palliative Medicine, U.S. National Library of Medicine, September 1999, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10659113.
8 Kong, Yingying, et al. “Inhalation of Roman Chamomile Essential Oil Attenuates Depressive-like Behaviors in Wistar Kyoto Rats.” Science China, Series C Life Sciences, U.S. National Library of Medicine, June 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28527112.

39. Rose

1 Hongratanaworakit, Tapanee. “Relaxing Effect of Rose Oil on Humans.” Natural Product Communications, U.S. National Library of Medicine, February 2009, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19370942.
2 Orchard, Ané, and Sandy van Vuuren. “Commercial Essential Oils as Potential Antimicrobials to Treat Skin Diseases.” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM, Hindawi, 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5435909/.
3 Stewart, David. Healing Oils of the Bible (Marble Hill, MO: The Center for Aromatherapy Research & Education, 2007), 31-32.
4 O’Sullivan, Jen. The Essential Oil Truth: The Facts Without the Hype (Jen O’Sullivan/31 Oils, LLC, 2018), 28-30.
5 If you like, you can purchase Essential of Parfumerie at https://melissapoepping.com/shop-1/ essential-parfumerie.

41. Sage

“Sage Benefits & Information (Salvia Officinalis).” Herbwisdom, www.herbwisdom.com/herb-sage.html. 2 Bommer, S., et al. “First Time Proof of Sage’s Tolerability and Efficacy in Menopausal Women with Hot
Flushes.” SpringerLink, Springer Healthcare Communications, 16 May 2011, link.springer.com/ article/10.1007%2Fs12325-011-0027-z.

42. Sandalwood

1 Kyle, Gaye. “Evaluating the Effectiveness of Aromatherapy in Reducing Levels of Anxiety in Palliative Care Patients: Results of a Pilot Study.” Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, U.S. National Library of Medicine, May 2006, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16648093.
“Sandalwood Scent Facilitates Wound Healing and Skin Regeneration.” EurekAlert!, 8 July 2014, www .eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-07/rb-ssf070814.php.
3 Warnke, Patrick H., et al. “The Battle against Multi-Resistant Strains: Renaissance of Antimicrobial Essential Oils as a Promising Force to Fight Hospital-Acquired Infections.” Journal of Cranio- Maxillofacial Surgery, volume 37, issue 7, October 2009, www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/ pii/S1010518209000523.
4 Moy, Ronald L., and Corey Levenson. “Sandalwood Album Oil as a Botanical Therapeutic in Dermatology.” The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, Matrix Medical Communications, October 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5749697/.
5 Stewart, David. Healing Oils of the Bible (Marble Hill, MO: The Center for Aromatherapy Research & Education, 2015), 140.
6 Stewart, David. Healing Oils of the Bible, 73.

43. Spearmint

1 O’Sullivan, Jen. Vitality: The Young Living Lifestyle (Scotts Valley, CA: CreateSpace, 2018), 46.

44. Tangerine

1 Lv, Xinmiao, et al. “Citrus Fruits as a Treasure Trove of Active Natural Metabolites That Potentially Provide Benefits for Human Health.” Chemistry Central Journal, Springer International Publishing, 24 December 2015, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4690266/.

45. Tea Tree

1 Orchard, Ané, and Sandy van Vuuren. “Commercial Essential Oils as Potential Antimicrobials to Treat Skin Diseases.” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM, Hindawi, 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5435909/.
2 Kamath, N.P., et al. “The Effect of Aloe Vera and Tea Tree Oil Mouthwashes on the Oral Health of School Children.” European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy
of Paediatric Dentistry, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 20 May 2019, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/31111439.
3 “The Hidden Health Hazards of Plug-In Air Fresheners.” IndoorDoctor, 21 March 2017, www.indoordoctor.com/health-hazards-plug-air-fresheners/.

46. Thyme

1 Langeveld, W.T., et al. “Synergy Between Essential Oil Components and Antibiotics: A Review.” Critical Reviews in Microbiology, February 2014, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23445470.

47. Valerian

1 Cropley, M., et al. “Effect of Kava and Valerian on Human Physiological and Psychological Responses to Mental Stress Assessed under Laboratory Conditions.” Phytotherapy Research: PTR, U.S. National Library of Medicine, February 2002, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11807960.
2 Taavoni, S., et al. “Valerian/Lemon Balm Use for Sleep Disorders during Menopause.” Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, U.S. National Library of Medicine, November 2013, www.ncbi.nlm.nih .gov/pubmed/24199972.
3 Mirabi, Parvaneh, and Faraz Mojab. “The Effects of Valerian Root on Hot Flashes in Menopausal Women.” Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, 2013, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24250592.
4 Moghadam, Zahra Behboodi, et al. “The Effect of Valerian Root Extract on the Severity of Pre Menstrual Syndrome Symptoms.” Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, Elsevier, 19 January 2016, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27419099.

48. Vetiver

1 Friedmann, Terry S. Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). 2002, files.meetup .com/1481956/ADHD%20Research%20by%20Dr.%20Terry%20Friedmann.pdf.

49. Wintergreen

“Wildflowers of the Adirondacks: Wintergreen (Gaultheria Procumbens).” Adirondack Wildflowers: Wintergreen (Gaultheria Procumbens), wildadirondacks.org/adirondack-wildflowers-wintergreen- gaultheria-procumbens.html.
2 Healthy Ingredients: Wintergreen, American Botanical Council, cms.herbalgram.org/healthyingredients/ Wintergreen.html.
3 Hebert, Patricia R., et al. “Treatment of Low Back Pain: the Potential Clinical and Public Health Benefits of Topical Herbal Remedies.” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.), Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 1 April 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3995208/.

50. Ylang Ylang

1 Jung, Da-Jung, et al. “Effects of Ylang-Ylang Aroma on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate in Healthy Men.” Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 25 April 2013, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/ PMC3836517/.

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